AQUAMONEY applied a range of techniques to assess in monetary terms the value of potential benefits to be generated by the implementation of the EU Water Framework Directive. These benefits include recreational and non-use values although the primary focus of research in CSERGE will be upon use values such as angling, etc.
Techniques included revealed preference techniques such as those examining the travel and other related costs of undertaking water based recreation. We also considered the potential application of stated preference techniques which attempt to directly elicit values through survey and similar questionnaire based methods.
Funded by: EU Framework VI
ChREAM combined front line natural science with socio-economic research to assess the costs and benefits to the rural community of changing farming and community practices to produce a healthy and sustainable river environment of good amenity value. We examined how the EU Water Framework Directive was likely to affect agricultural activities concerning fertilisers, pesticides and faecal matter and so impact upon incomes within already fragile farming communities.
We also assessed the value and transferability of potential water amenity and recreational benefits arising from such policies and compare this to their likely cost. The work combines physical environment models with economic analyses and surveys of farmer attitudes and behaviour to provide a highly interdisciplinary study of this multifaceted issue.
Funded by: The Rural Economy and Land Use Programme (Relu)
Spicosa´s overall aim was to develop a self-evolving, holistic research approach and support tools for the assessment of policy options for sustainable management through a balanced consideration of the ecological, social and economic aspects of Coastal Zone Systems (Integrated Coastal Zone Management). Achieving this objective required a restructuring of the science and methodology needed to understand and to quantify the response of the coastal ecosystems, together with their consequences to their social and economic services, when these ecosystems are subjected to changing environmental and anthropogenic conditions from local to global. It also demanded integration through disciplinary and through geographic, political, and social scales.
Timescale: 2007 - 2010
Funded by: European Community under the 6th Framework Programme Priority 1.1
VERHI attempted to examine and address the problems associated with economic decision making regarding projects which address risks (particularly environmental risks) which affect children’s health. This work examined a number of fundamental theoretical problems associated with such an undertaking. It also plans to conduct novel experimental and survey work to estimate empirical values for reducing childhood risks.
Funded By: EU 6th Framework Programme
Valuing the Arc
The Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania support unique and endangered species, as well as providing direct human welfare benefits locally, nationally and globally. The mountains also provide vital ecosystem services for people: water for farming, hydroelectric power, and almost 3 million domestic water users in Dar es Salaam; fuel, food, medicine, and timber for 2 million nearby villagers; and carbon sequestration for the global population.
Due to population growth and low economic development, less than 30% of the original forest cover now remains. The Valuing the Arc project developed a systematic approach to understand the links between the functioning of the ecosystems of Eastern Arc Mountains and their impact on human welfare at local, regional and global scales. Our spatially explicit approach is designed to create maps to show how benefits and costs of ecosystem conservation fall are distributed across space and people, and shed light on future risks and threats to the remaining forests.
Funder: Leverhulme Trust
Methods and Tools for Integrated Sustainability Assessment
MATISSE improved the tool kit available for Integrated Sustainability Assessment, notably computer models, and linked them to participatory methods. The improved tool kit supported the European Commission and other actors that seek to apply ISA in a wide range of contexts.
Funded by: European Commission, 6th Framework Programme.
The CONSENSUS project aims to model existing real world user-cases and deliver the tools that can, in an easy and comprehensive manner, provide policy makers with optimal choices based on a number of relevant criteria.
Funded by: EU under the 7th Framework Programme
Environmental Policy Integration and Multi-Level Governance
EPIGOV co-ordinated and synthesised existing research on environmental policy integration and multi-level governance and to generate new research questions and initiatives. To obtain feedback and disseminate results, EPIGOV involved policy-makers and non-state stakeholders.
Funded by: EU
Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies: Supporting European Climate Policy
The ADAM project involved 120 researchers in 26 research institutions across Europe and worldwide. ADAM supported the EU in the development of post-2012 global climate policies, the definition of European mitigation policies to reach its 2020 goals, and the emergence of new adaptation policies for Europe with special attention to the role of extreme weather events.
Funded by: European Community's Framework 6 Programme